Glaucoma is a chronic eye disease causing high intraocular pressure, either periodic, or constant, atrophy of the optic nerve (glaucomatose excavation) and changes in the visual field. Primary, secondary and congenital glaucomas are recognised. Primary glaucoma is preceded by trophic disturbances in the tissues of the forward eye department, especially in its drainage system, caused by changes in the eye vascular system and hemodynamics, as well as general pathological changes.
Candida albicans is a constituent of the microscopic flora of the human organism. In the early 20s candidiasis occurred rather rarely but in the 40s, with the use of antibiotics it became far more frequent and the number of cases has steadily been going up since. Now candidas are the most widespread pathogens of opportunistic mycosis. It may cause mucous and cutaneous lesions and systemic diseases as well.
CMV contamination can be observed everywhere however clinical manifestations can rarely be seen. The disease-producing agent is pathogenic to man alone so its cultivation in vitro is only possible in human cell cultures, as no experimental animal is susceptible to the infection.
Acute genyantritis usually arises during acute rhinitis, measles, scarlet fever and other infectious diseases. It can also be caused by a peccant state of the four maxillar molars. Among main symptoms are a sensation of tension or pain in the affected sinus, impaired nasal respiration, rheum, impaired olfaction on the affected side, photophobia and lacrimation.
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Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx mucosa. The disease can be acute and chronic. Acute laryngitis is usually isolated. As a rule, it is a variation of acute respiratory disease, flu, scarlet fever and pertussis. It is promoted by general and local hypothermia, voice overstrain, inhalation of dusty air, irritating steams and gases, undernutrition, smoking, immoderate drinking, etc.