Advertising strongly advises us to buy products and drugs with probiotics and prebiotics. Let's see what a probiotic culture is and who needs it.
Probiotics are microbial cultures that help the intestines work correctly. Mostly lactobacilli and bifidobacteria populate the colon.
Digestion significantly improves with a sufficient amount of these beneficial bacteria in the bowels: the breakdown of foods, the absorption of nutrients, etc. These bacteria are also responsible for the production of certain nutrients and vitamins, in particular, folic acid, vitamin K and B.
The intestines do not actively absorb and do not entirely decompose prebiotics, which is that part of the food. However, prebiotics is an essential medium for the normal functioning of the bowels and those probiotics in it. The main benefit of prebiotics is coarse fibre.
Vegetables, fruits and whole grains contain a lot of fibre. Some food producers purposely enrich products such as dairy, cereals, etc. with prebiotics. That is useful.
So, probiotics and prebiotics are essential for the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and overall health. The absence of such signs of an imbalance in the intestinal function, such as constipation or a loosening of the stool (an increase in fibre may lead to a loosening of the stool, and a decrease leads to constipation) depends on probiotics and prebiotics.
Medics believe that about 20 to 25 grams of fibre per day helps to ensure the normal digestive function of the gut. Besides, the tables of the chemical composition of food indicate the exact amount of fibre in it. They also believe that at least 400 grams of fresh vegetables and fruits in the daily diet provide the right amount of fibre.
Sources of probiotic culture are all dairy products. Besides, there is a recommendation to consume about 600 grams of dairy daily. At the same time, fermented milk should prevail. Paying attention to the shelf life of such products is essential.
Should I be guided by the inscription "contains live bacteria" on the packaging of kefir or yoghurt? It does not matter since most bacteria die under the influence of gastric hydrochloric acid. It is unlikely that they will reach the intestines alive in the right number, where they are called to work. That is why drugs containing lacto-and bifidobacteria exist.
They are usually available in capsules that protect them from destruction in the acidic environment of the stomach. So for a healthy diet, regular kefir and yoghurt are excellent. Probiotic culture is a vital component of health. To sum up, colonic allows for restoring the intestinal microflora.