Advertising strongly advises us to buy products and drugs with probiotics and prebiotics. Let’s see what a probiotic culture is and who needs it.
Probiotics are microbial cultures that help the intestines work correctly. Mostly lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. Digestion significantly improves with a sufficient amount of these beneficial bacteria in the bowels: the breakdown of foods, the absorption of nutrients, etc. These bacteria are also responsible for the production of certain nutrients and vitamins, in particular, folic acid, vitamin K and B.
Prebiotics are that part of the food that is not actively absorbed and does not entirely decompose in the intestines but is also a necessary medium for the normal functioning of the bowels and those probiotics in it. The function of prebiotics is usually performed by coarse fibre. Most often it is found in vegetables and fruits, whole grains. Sometimes some products such as dairy, cereals, etc. are purposely enriched with prebiotics. This is useful.
So, probiotics and prebiotics are essential for the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and overall health. The absence of such signs of an imbalance in the intestinal function, such as constipation or a loosening of the stool (an increase in fibre may lead to a loosening of the stool, and a decrease leads to constipation) depends on probiotics and prebiotics. It is believed that about 20-25 grams of fibre per day helps to ensure the normal digestive function of the gut (the exact amount of fibre is indicated in the tables of the chemical composition of food). On average, it is believed that at least 400 grams of fresh vegetables and fruits in the daily diet provide the right amount of fibre.
Sources of probiotic culture are all dairy products. Again, on average, it is recommended to consume about 600 grams of dairy. At the same time, fermented milk should prevail. Paying attention to the shelf life of such products is essential.
Should I be guided by the inscription contains live bacteria on the packaging of kefir or yoghurt? It does not matter since most bacteria die under the influence of gastric hydrochloric acid. It is unlikely that they will reach the intestines alive in the right number, where they are called to work. That is why drugs containing lacto-and bifidobacteria exist. They are usually made in capsules that protect them from destruction in the acidic environment of the stomach. So for a healthy diet, regular kefir and yoghurt are fine. Probiotic culture is a vital component of health. Colonic Hydrotherapy allows restoring the intestinal microflora.