Colonic irrigation may help remove toxins that have accumulated in the body. Glyphosate and certain herbicides harm mammals, humans and soil microbial ecosystems. Investigations of the degradation of glyphosate and bioremediation in the soil using Bacillus subtilis (Bs-15) have shown that the optimal conditions for these processes were less than 10 000 mg/L glyphosate at a temperature of 35°C and a pH of 8.0.
Optimal fermentation occurred at 180 rpm for 60 h with an inoculum ratio of 4%. Bs-15 degraded 17.65% to 66.97% of glyphosate in sterile soil and 19.01% to 71.57% in unsterilised soil.
Using the BIOLOG ECO plate test, we did not notice any significant difference in the average colour formation between the soil inoculated with Bs-15 and control soil for up to 72 hours. However, there was a significant difference (P <0.01) after 72 hours.
These results indicate that Bs-15 can decontaminate glyphosate-containing herbicides, thereby increasing the microbial functionality in previously contaminated soils.
Zearalenone (ZEN) is one of the more virulent mycotoxins. Besides, it has become a severe hazard to the health of plants, animals and humans. However, vitamin C (Vc) is an effective antidote against ZEN. Further, this article explains the results of an investigation of the effects that diets containing ZEN have on growth rates and the impact of vitamin C.
Piglets were weaned at the age of 21 days, and 32 healthy female hybrid weaning piglets. The trial period was twenty-eight days. The results showed that the addition of 150 mg/kg of vitamin C to dietary zearalenone prevented deformation in the vulva. That measure also reduced immune response capacity. It changes in serum biochemical parameters as well as hormone levels of piglets that received a diet containing only zearalenone.
In conclusion, giving ZEN 1.0 mg/kg can lead to a harmful effect on piglets. This study showed the mechanism of vitamin C inhibition for reproductive toxicity as well as hematologic toxicity of pigs caused by ZEN. And which gave new ideas for reducing the harm of mycotoxins to animals by regulating nutrition.
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Bacillus subtilis is a probiotic bacteria strain to support natural defences. It has immunostimulant properties, improving natural defences, fighting against infections and external aggressions and may boost immunity in older people and protect them from winter infections.