Colitis is an inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane of the large intestine.
Acute colitis occurs quickly and is especially painful, chronic – long and sluggish. Acute inflammation of the colon often occurs simultaneously with the inflammation of the small intestine (enterocolitis) and stomach (gastritis).
Colitis can take many forms: ulcerative (ulcers are formed on the walls of the intestine), infectious (caused by pathogenic microorganisms), ischemic (poor blood supply in the intestine), medicinal, etc.
There are several reasons for the development of colitis:
In particular, the causes of the development of nonspecific ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, have not yet been elucidated.
Colitis mainly damages the intestinal mucosa and is commonly caused by intestinal infections. Bacteria, protozoa (amoeba) or other foreign microbes that can potentially reach the mucous membrane of the intestine, will damage it and develop inflammations. The wall of the bowel swells, its contractive movement (peristalsis) and the secretion of mucus is disturbed. The effects include painful defecation, diarrhoea (sometimes with blood and mucus) and abdominal pain. Substances secreted by bacteria enter the bloodstream, which leads to an increase in body temperature. In chronic colitis, damage to the intestinal mucosa is caused by various factors: violation of the blood supply to the intestinal wall, malnutrition, food allergies, etc.
Signs of any colitis include abdominal pain, constant rumbling or bloating, all accompanied by abnormalities of the stool: constipation, diarrhoea or both. A person feels lethargic and has a rise in temperature in more severe cases. Acute colitis lasts from several days to several weeks. Chronic colitis lasts longer.
Colonic Irrigation allows you to maintain the intestines health and safety. The procedure strengthens the walls of the bowel, eliminates toxins, restores the microflora and stabilizes the immune system.