Proper nutrition in the case of cancer is an essential component of successful treatment of malignant tumours. Diet for intestinal oncology: the oncologist’s advice is to set the main goals of protecting the body against carcinogenic intoxication, increasing the activity of antitumor protection factors, replenishing the plastic and energy needs of the cancer patient. Also, anti-cancer nutrition plays a primary role in preventing the recurrence of pathology and accelerating rehabilitation after suffering toxic treatment.
Considering that the immune system plays a vital role in the fight against tumour processes, it is critical to increasing the activity of the anticarcinogenic system to improve the state of the cancer patient.
Other goals pursued by diet therapy for cancer:
In drawing up an anti-cancer dietary scheme, it is essential to consider the localisation of the tumour process, the stage of its development, the nature of the course, the patient’s condition, the list of associated diseases and the nuances of the prescribed therapy. For example, after operations on the gastrointestinal tract, especially when part of the intestine and/or stomach is removed, the absorption of nutrients from food worsens, which means that the diet must be easily digestible and highly nutritious.
It is crucial for the patient to consume at least 30 kilocalories per kilogram of body weight to maintain a stable weight. If you need to gain weight, the energy value of the diet is increased to 40 kilocalories. Also, choosing the food we must take into account the optimal ratio of food components: carbohydrates – 55%, fat – 30%, proteins – 15%.
General requirements for food:
Follow the drinking regime. You should drink at least 2 litres of non-carbonated water per day to speed up the release of toxic substances. Daily water should be increased to 3 litres in cases of vomiting or diarrhoea.
Use sparing methods of heat treatment of food such as boiling, baking, steaming.
Eliminate too hot and cold food from the diet.