Gastroenteritis is a very common inflammatory disease of the stomach and intestines. Vomiting, diarrhoea, colic, weakness, and sometimes the temperature is his basic and familiar to many symptoms.
There are a lot of causes of gastroenteritis:
Gastroenteritis can also be one of the symptoms of certain diseases.
The causative agents of infectious and parasitic diseases are allocated to the external environment together with faeces, often in huge quantities. That is why before the epidemic of intestinal infections (cholera, diphtheria, typhoid) spread so quickly and took a huge number of lives. They enter the human body with contaminated food and water. Therefore, non-observance of elementary rules of personal hygiene (thorough washing of hands after a toilet, before eating) and visits to public catering establishments that violate sanitary norms significantly increase the chances of encountering gastroenteritis.
Symptoms of gastroenteritis vary depending on the cause of the disease. Infectious gastroenteritis usually appears suddenly. Vomiting, diarrhoea with or without blood and mucus, intestinal colic, fatigue, fever (moderate or high) are classic signs of intestinal infections. The disease can also be accompanied by muscle pain and prostration.
Parasitic gastroenteritis usually causes chronic diarrhoea, in most cases without blood, except for amoebic dysentery. Fatigue and weight loss happen in cases when diarrhoea is severe.
Non-infectious gastroenteritis is mainly accompanied by digestive disorders. Their effects can be minor (mild faeces, flatulence) or severe (severe diarrhoea, colic, weakness, weight loss, deterioration in general condition).
Children, elderly people and patients with an impaired immune system are the most vulnerable to these illnesses. As a result of severe vomiting, they can develop severe and life-threatening dehydration, along with many other serious complications. Moderate dehydration symptoms include dryness in the mouth, uneventful urination, and constant fatigue. Such a case can be adjusted without hospitalization, using a sufficient amount of fluid. Those with alarming signs of severe dehydration (cold extremities, drowsiness, almost nonexistent urination, frequent and shallow breathing) require urgent medical attention.
Colonic irrigation allows you to maintain the intestines in a healthy state and prevent the development of serious pathologies.