Liver

Anatori Sealife Comments 0 11th April 2019
Liver functions

The liver is the largest organ in the body and is located directly below the diaphragm. It is a multilobular organ. It has several important functions, only one of.

Liver functions

However, several of these functions merit mentioning. They are:

  1. heparin production which helps prevent blood from clotting in the vessels,
  2. removal of dead and malfunctioning red blood cells from the circulatory System,
  3. removal of toxins from the blood.
  4. storage of absorbed nutrients,
  5. storage of trace metals (copper and iron) and vitamins (A,D,E, and K) which are necessary for daily metabolic activity, and
  6. production of bile which aids in the digestion of fats.

Compose

Fotolia_49921913_XS.jpgBile, yellow to green in color, produce by hepatic cells from cholesterol. It compose of bile salts, bile acids, lipids, and the pigments biliverdin and bilirubin. These pigments are products of red blood cell degradation and must remove from the circulatory system. If they cannot be removed, the body will develop a pale yellowish tinge to its skin, a condition known as jaundice. Besides its excretory properties, bile is responsible for the emulsification of fats and the partial neutralization of chyme. Fatty acids and glycerol can only absorbe in the presence of bile salts. Attached to the underside of the liver is the gall bladder, within which excess bile is stored.