Obesity is excess fat in the subcutaneous tissue, organs and tissues. It is manifested by an increase in body weight by 20 per cent or more from the average values due to adipose tissue. This leads to psycho-physical discomfort, causes sexual disorders, diseases of the spine and joints, increase the risk of developing atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, myocardial infarction, stroke, diabetes, kidney, liver, and disability and mortality from these diseases.
The most effective in the treatment of obesity is the combined use of 3 components: diet, exercise and appropriate psychological adjustment of the patient. What is obesity and how to determine its type? Obesity is divided into degrees (depending on the volume of adipose tissue) and on types (depending on the causes that led to its development).
Obesity leads to an increased risk of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and other diseases associated with the presence of excess weight. Causes of excess weight also affect the distribution of adipose tissue, the characteristics of fatty tissue (softness, elasticity, the percentage of fluid content), as well as the presence or absence of skin changes (stretching, enlarged pores, so-called “cellulite”).
So, what is obesity and what are the reasons for its appearance. Among the main reasons for the sharp increase in weight in the first place, it is worth highlighting the situation when a person begins to consume more food than his body needs(in energy equivalent) throughout the day.
Also, overweight is directly related to violations of the body’s regulatory system and metabolism. Such disorders lead to hormonal failures, and subsequently to the accumulation of fat and excess fluid in the body.
So, it is worth noting the fundamental causes of obesity:
Currently, there are several ways to calculate the healthy body weight, taking into account these or other features. The most straightforward method was proposed by Brock. Other scientists suggested individual tables based on preliminary statistics.
There were also suggestions to take into account the length of the body and the volume of the chest. Implementing a healthy lifestyle and colonic irrigation will help maintain the body in good shape and prevent obesity.