Fourth stage bowel cancer

Anatori Sealife Comments 0 19th October 2018

In cancer of the intestine, as well as in other types of cancer, a malignant neoplasm is capable of aggressive growth and spread to other organs and tissues. The pathological process can develop in any part of the large intestine, such as in the cecum (20% of cases), the rectum (20% of cases), the sigmoid colon (25% of cases) and in the transitional segment of the sigmoid colon to the rectum (up to 10% cases).
Fourth stage bowel cancer is a condition in which malignant cells infect the lymph nodes, adjacent organs, tissues and distant organs. The neoplasm produces toxic substances, resulting in the poisoning of the body and the disruption of its functioning as a whole.
Fourth stage bowel cancer has the following symptoms:

  • severe abdominal pain;
  • severe pain in metastatic organs;

A fistula between the lumen of the bladder or vagina and the lumen of the rectum is formed in patients with the growth of a tumour in the bladder. Because of this, you can observe the appearance of faecal masses from the vagina during urination or even at rest. This leads to the development of inflammation of the female genital organs and cystitis in the end. The inflammatory process extends to the kidneys in such cases;
With the growth of a neoplasm in the bladder wall, urine is excreted from the rectum during defecation or even at rest.

Fourth stage bowel cancer: diagnosis and prognosis

Diagnosis of the fourth stage bowel cancer:

  • stool test for occult blood;
  • colonoscopy, i.e. examination of the large intestine to identify the exact location of a tumour, its size and obtaining tissue to determine its histological type;
  • general and biochemical blood test to assess the condition of the kidneys and liver;
  • sigmoidoscopy for examination of the sigmoid and rectum, the area of the anus;
  • irrigoscopy, especially for detecting cancer of the sigmoid and rectum;
  • Ultrasound, i.e. ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity;
  • CT scan, i.e. computed tomography;
  • chest x-ray.

The prognosis for the fourth stage bowel cancer is as follows. Approximately 25% of patients suffering from intestinal cancer have distant metastasis already at the time of detection of the disease. Unlike other cancerous conditions, the size of a primary tumour under other equal conditions (such as a degree of differentiation, spreading to the lymph nodes) does not affect the prognosis for intestinal cancer stage 4.
About 50% of patients with impaired liver function and hepatomegaly live 6-9 months after identifying distant metastases. About 50% of patients with a single metastasis in the liver live 24-30 months. Five-year survival is less than 1%. Undergo colonic irrigation for the prevention of intestinal diseases.