Intestinal obstruction

Anatori Sealife Comments 0 16th June 2018

Intestinal obstruction is a serious condition in which the patency of the small or large intestine is partially or completely impaired, which prevents food and liquids from passing through it.
Intestinal obstruction can be caused by many diseases, including a hernia, intestinal adhesions and tumours.
Symptoms caused by this condition include abdominal pain, constipation, nausea and vomiting. If the obstruction is not cleared in time, it could completely hinder the function of the intestine or cause perforations in the intestine, severe infections in the abdominal cavity (peritonitis), shock and death. Nevertheless, quick and careful treatment can prevent bowel obstruction without long-term health consequences.
Many diseases can cause obstruction. Intestinal obstruction can be the result of a “mechanical” obstruction, in which a hernia or a tumour physically clog the intestinal passage. Obstruction can also be the result of an improper intestinal operation; a paralytic obstruction of the intestine (pseudo-obstruction).

Intestinal obstruction: causes and prevention

Mechanical obstruction of the small intestine can be caused by:

  • Intestinal adhesions.
  • Hernias.
  • Neoplasms in the small intestine.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease).
  • Invagination of the intestine – the introduction of one part of the intestine into another.
  • Abnormal curvature of the intestine.

Mechanical obstruction of the large intestine happens less than it does in the small intestine.
It can be caused by the following reasons:

  • Diverticulitis is a condition in which a bulging wall (diverticula) in the digestive tract becomes infected and inflamed.
  • Strictures – narrowing of the intestines, caused by inflammation and scarring.
  • Cancer of the large intestine.
  • Volvulus.

Paralytic obstruction of the intestine can cause the same symptoms as mechanical obstruction, but there is no blockage as such. In this condition, the bowel is malfunctioning due to problems with the nerves or muscles. The peristaltic movement of the intestine is strongly retarded or completely absent, which leads to very slow passage of food through the digestive tract.
The reasons for this condition can be:

  • Diseases that affect the nerves or muscles (Parkinson’s disease, etc.)
  • Postponed operations on the organs of the abdominal cavity.
  • Some medicines.
  • Consequences of infection.

Colonic irrigation in our clinic is carried out by specialists and helps prevent intestinal obstruction, strengthen its muscles, restore the microflora and remove all toxins.