Laryngitis

Anatoli Silajev Comments 0 3rd April 2012
Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx mucosa

Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx mucosa. Also, the disease can be acute and chronic. Acute laryngitis is usually isolated. As a rule, it is a variation of acute respiratory illness, flu, scarlet fever and pertussis. General and local hypothermia, voice overstrains, inhalation of dusty air, irritating steam and gases, undernutrition, smoking, immoderate drinking, etc. prompt this condition.

Disease

The disease causes a dry, tickling, smarting and scraping sensation in the throat. Moreover, the voice becomes hoarse, coarse or aphonic. Patients may feel pain when swallowing, suffer from headaches and have a slight rise in temperature. The disease usually lasts 7-10 days. It may also turn into a subacute or a chronic form in adverse conditions.

Chronic laryngitis

Chronic laryngitis, as a rule, the same factors as the acute form but is persistent and long-lasting. As a result, it impairs tissue trophic and prompts a dystrophic process. That is to say, depending on the character of the disturbances specified, this disease can have catarrhal, hypertrophic and atrophic forms. Besides, chronic catarrhal accompanied by chronic (often diffuse) inflammation of the larynx mucosa.


Process

Epithelium, as well as submucosa vegetation, characterises chronic hypertrophic laryngitis. The limited form features hyperplasia of separate segments of the larynx mucosa (vocal or vestibular folds, subfolder space, inter arytenoid area, etc.). One must differentiate between chronic hypertrophic laryngitis and specific infectious granulomas (tuberculosis, syphilis, etc.) and tumours. The larynx mucosa’s thinning and atrophy characterises Chronic atrophic laryngitis. As a rule, it develops as one of the components of the atrophic process in the mucosa of the upper respiratory tracts. Symptoms: a dry, tickling, smarting and scraping sensation in the throat, a dry cough, hoarseness. Laryngoscope also reveals a thinned and dry mucosa covered with solid mucus.