Oncological diseases account for a considerable share of the total number of all illnesses. More than 10 million new cases per year are diagnosed worldwide. All countries are waiting for news from scientists about the invention of the miracle pill for cancer. Meanwhile, death rates from cancer continue to grow. So what is the treatment of this disease?
There are several ways to treat oncology. These are chemotherapy, radiation, hormonal, targeted therapies, and surgical interventions. The method is chosen depending on the type, stage of the disease, the location of a tumour, the patient’s state of health, etc. Is there a cancer drug? Antitumor metabolites are used for chemotherapy. The primary goal of their use is to stop the growth of cancer cells, the tumour does not grow, and metastases do not appear.
Medications for bowel oncology, eliminating pain, are used to prevent a negative impact on the physical and mental condition of the patient. Painkillers are prescribed according to the type of pain. So, it is known that nociceptive pain subsides when using analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids. Antiepileptic drugs and tricyclic antidepressants are prescribed to get rid of the neuropathic pain.
Vomiting is unpleasant and leads to dehydration of the body quickly as well as the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract get damaged mechanically. The manifestation of nausea and vomiting in cancer is a fairly common occurrence.
Targeted drugs for bowel oncology is an innovation in the fight against cancer. In another way, these drugs are also called “smart.” They got this name for their ability to act only on mutating cells, while healthy tissues and organs remain unchanged. Such a cure for oncology is prescribed to stop the growth of tumours, to reduce the doses of chemotherapy and in severe conditions of patients. Today, about 10 drugs have been clinically tested and put into use, about a hundred more are being tested and may soon be used to treat cancer.
We are also aware of immunostimulating drugs in bowel cancer. There are many opinions about the use of immunomodulators in cancer. They began to be applied in the 70s. The practice has shown that such drugs do not give an unambiguous effect, which can be positive and negative.