Pathological processes diagnosed in the large intestine, such as polyps and inflammatory diseases, can lead to the formation of a malignant tumour. Thus the patient cannot guess about the development of terrible pathology for a long time. How to keep the situation under control and what are the signs of colon cancer?
The large intestine, or the colon, is the final part of the gut, 0.8-1 meter in length. It includes the cecum, all colon, rectum, anal canal and anus. A malignant neoplasm can occur in any of the sections of the colon.
The risk of developing colon cancer is the same for any gender. There are differences in what parts of the colon are more vulnerable to members of different genders. Thus, in men, rectal cancer is more often detected – up to 60% of cases, and in women, colorectal cancer – up to 55% of cases.
The disease can begin at any age, but usually, colon cancer diagnoses in patients over 50 years old, the peak of the disease falls on 60-75 years old. Symptoms of colon cancer cannot be ignored.
Cancer of the large intestine is cunning because it can not manifest itself in any way in the early stages. However, some signs should alert the patient. So, alarming signals can become frequent constipation, incontinence of gases or stool, bloating, a false urge to excrement.
If the blood appeared in the stool or the faeces coloured in crimson colour – this is a clear signal that it is necessary to undergo an emergency examination, since haemorrhage into the intestinal lumen may indicate an oncological process.
In general, with colon cancer, there is a general deterioration in health: weakness, loss of appetite and weight, prolonged pain in the abdomen. With the progressing process, anaemia appears, expressed by the pale skin colour, the intestinal obstruction, the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneum.
Diseases of different parts of the colon are expressed by specific symptoms. So, if a tumour develops in the rectosigmoid part of the colon (rectum and sigmoid section), severe pain occurs during defecation. With cancer of the rectum, purulent, bloody or mucous impurities are often observed in faecal masses. With a tumour in the transverse colon, the heaviness, discomfort and aching pain in the upper abdomen are noted, they are often confused with gastritis or pancreatitis. If you have any signs of colon cancer, you need to see a doctor. And colonic irrigation will help prevent the development of pathologies.