Pathological processes diagnosed in large intestines, such as polyps and inflammatory diseases. Can lead to the formation of a malignant tumour. Thus the patient cannot guess about the development of terrible pathology for a long time. How to keep the situation under control, and what are the signs of colon cancer? What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
The large intestine or the colon is the final part of the gut. And, it is 0.8-1 meter in length. It consists of the cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum and anus. A malignant neoplasm can occur in any of the sections of the colon.
The risk of developing colon cancer is the same for any gender. There are differences in what parts of the colon are more vulnerable to members of different genders. Thus, in men, rectal cancer is more often detected – up to 60% of cases. And in women, colorectal cancer – up to 55% of cases.
The disease can begin at any age, but usually, colon cancer diagnoses in patients over 50 years old. The peak of the disease falls on 60-75 years old. We also must take the symptoms of colon cancer seriously.
Cancer of the large intestine is cunning because it can not manifest itself in any way in the early stages. However, some signs should alert the patient. So, alarming signals can become frequent constipation, incontinence of gases or stool, bloating, a false urge to excrement.
If the blood appeared in the stool or the faeces coloured in crimson colour – this is a clear signal that it is necessary to undergo an emergency examination. Since bleeding into the intestinal lumen may indicate an oncological process.
In general, with colon cancer, there is a general deterioration in health. Weakness, loss of appetite and weight, prolonged pain in the abdomen. With the progressing process, anaemia appears, expressed by the pale skin colour, the intestinal obstruction, the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneum.
Specific symptoms express diseases of different parts of the colon. For instance, a tumour may develop in the rectosigmoid part of the colon (rectum and sigmoid section). Then severe pain occurs during defecation. With cancer of the rectum, purulent, bloody or mucous impurities can be in the stool.
A tumour in the transverse colon may manifest in the heaviness, discomfort and aching pain in the upper abdomen. If you have any signs of colon cancer, you need to see a doctor. And colonic irrigation will help prevent the development of pathologies.