Bowel cancer is considered an oncological disease with slow development of the pathological process in the body. Unfortunately, due to barely noticeable symptoms, intestinal cancer is diagnosed in the latter stages, when the patient has metastasis to the liver and other organs.
In the case of intestinal cancer, the prognosis of survival depends on the extent of metastasis and secondary tumours. Medical specialists consider overcoming by the patient of a five-year term the traditional criterion of survival during the oncological process in the intestine.
Statistics show that malignant neoplasms form in the large intestine more often than in the small intestine. Colon cancer is diagnosed worldwide in 1 million patients annually, and about 50 per cent of patients die each year because of this disease. Bowel cancer, the prognosis of which varies, is a severe disease, and it should be detected as soon as possible.
Tumours of the large intestine are diagnosed most often in patients between the ages of forty and seventy years. Men are more susceptible to colon cancer.
As the disappointing statistics show, the death rates from this pathological process are increasing. According to information provided by WHO, more than 13 million people worldwide will die of cancer in 2030. This type of cancer is characterised by rapidly developing metastases, so the prognosis is not comforting.
A malignant neoplasm located in the large intestine is considered a dangerous pathology since many patients die several months after the diagnosis has been established. Drug therapy is carried out depending on the stage of cancer. This is most often the third or fourth stage.
Surgical intervention is prescribed at the first stage. The neoplasm itself, as well as the surrounding tumour tissues, are surgically removed. The survival prognosis after surgery is very high. The oncologist monitors the patient for some time after the operation: if required, he is prescribed conservative treatment such as general strengthening and immunostimulating drugs, chemotherapy, etc..
Cancer therapy may combine radical and conservative approaches in the second stage. The oncologist initially prescribes chemotherapy, and then surgery if there are nearby metastases in the lymph nodes.
If visually healthy cells are already affected, a course of chemotherapy is prescribed to the patient.
A cancer patient must clearly realise that it will not be possible to defeat cancer with single surgical intervention or with a single course of chemotherapy. This is a long process. But if you follow all the recommendations of an oncologist, it is real to cope with cancer even at the last stages. If bowel cancer is diagnosed, the prognosis for survival may be different. It will be best if diagnosed on time. It is recommended to undergo colonic irrigation for the prevention of the disease.