Pathological processes diagnosed in the colon, such as polyps and inflammatory diseases, can lead to the formation of a malignant tumour. At the same time, the patient may not guess about the development of a terrible pathology for a long time. How to keep the situation under control, and what symptoms are alarming? Oncology of the large intestine, the signs of which have already appeared, requires immediate medical attention.
Both men and women are equally at risk for developing colon cancer. However, the course of the disease does not depend on gender either. The only difference is in which parts of the body are more vulnerable in women or men. Thus, the diagnosis often finds rectal cancer in men – up to 60% of cases, and colon cancer in women – up to 55% of cases.
The disease can begin at any age, but the diagnosis determines colon cancer, usually in patients older than 50 years. With the highest number of cancer cases occurring at the age of 60 to 75 years.
Colon cancer is cunning because it may not manifest itself in any way in the early stages. However, some signs should alert the patient. The most common symptoms of confirmed colon cancer these days are as follows: frequent constipation, gas or faecal incontinence, bloating, false excrement.
If there is blood in the faeces or stools stained crimson. It is a clear signal that an urgent examination is necessary. For instance, bleeding in the intestinal cavity may indicate a cancer process.
In general, the overall deterioration of health is noted in the case of colon cancer: weakness, loss of appetite and weight, dull abdominal pain. With a progressive process, anaemia appears, expressed by the overly pale skin, intestinal obstruction. And the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneum.
Specific symptoms express diseases of different parts of the colon.
So, if a tumour develops in the rectosigmoid colon (rectum and sigmoid), then there is severe pain during a bowel movement. In the case of colorectal cancer, specialists often find purulent, bloody or mucous contaminants in the stool. When a tumour is in the transverse section of the colon, heaviness, discomfort and aching pains in the upper abdomen are often confused with gastritis or pancreatitis.
It sometimes happens that the course of the disease is difficult to detect at the initial stage. Therefore, people over 50 should annually undergo preventive check-ups at a gastroenterologist. If the patient has confirmed colon cancer, the symptoms may not yet appear, but he already needs treatment.
After a detailed survey (anamnesis) of the patient, examination and palpation of the abdominal cavity, the doctor may suspect the formation of a tumour in the rectal area. Then he prescribes a stool test for occult bleeding and complete blood count. If tests have confirmed the physician’s assumptions, further examination is necessary. Colonic irrigation will help keep the intestines and the body as a whole in a healthy state.