Intestinal obstruction in case of oncology

Anatori Sealife Comments 0 20th October 2018
Intestinal obstruction in case of oncology

/Intestinal obstruction in case of oncology./ In 60 to 70% of cases, a tumour or its metastases bowel cause obstruction in cancer. Also, in 20 to 30% it occurs due to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. And, in 10 to 20% a metachronous tumour causes obstruction, which is removable surgically as typical. Such malignant neoplasms most often cause an intestinal blockage as ovarian cancer and gastrointestinal tract tumours.

Pathogenesis of intestinal obstruction in case of oncology:

  • compression of the intestine from the outside;
  • obturation of the intestine from the inside;
  • paralytic intestinal obstruction due to local or diffuse disruption of intestinal motility due to germination of the nerve plexus by a tumour;
  • invagination of the intestine in some tumours, usually with melanoma;
  • pseudo-intestinal obstruction.


Differential diagnosis:

  • Pink periwinkle alkaloids cause constipation. Reduced bowel tone and paralytic intestinal obstruction, especially in the elderly, can lead to high faecal blockages and mechanical intestinal obstruction. It is easier to prevent faecal blockage than to heal.
  • Radiation enteritis in radiography and CT-scan of the abdomen manifests by smoothing the mucous membrane, ulcers, strictures, rigidity, adhesions and expansion of the intestine and thickening of its wall.
  • Diverticulitis is the cause of pronounced strictures of the distal colon. Those are radiographically indistinguishable from exophytic cancer, usually in the absence of metastases.
  • Other non-tumour causes of intestinal obstruction include intestinal adhesions, intestinal hernias, chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, intestinal volvulus, spontaneous invagination of the intestines, acute pancreatitis and intestinal infarction.


Therapy in cases of Intestinal obstruction in case of oncology

Treatment of intestinal obstruction caused by a tumour:

  • Intestinal decompression.
  • Stent installation.
  • Surgery. A malignant tumour is not always a contraindication to surgery. Approximately 75% of patients after surgery restored normal bowel function. Intestinal obstruction no longer recurs in 45% of patients. However, about 25% of patients do not improve their condition after surgery.


The patient’s condition may not improve in 4 to 5 days after decompression of the gastrointestinal tract. Thereby, the operation is advisable in intestinal obstruction in case of oncology. I’m sure that colonic hydrotherapy may also help cleanse the intestines from waste and toxins accumulated in it.