Oncology of intestinal polyps

Anatori Sealife Comments 0 25th October 2018

Polyps on the intestinal walls give out symptoms rarely, but they can turn into malignant tumours over time. Therefore, it is better to get rid of polyps when they are detected. Intestinal polyp and oncology are closely related, and consultation with a doctor is necessary in cases of their detection.
Intestinal polyps are small benign neoplasms that grow asymptomatically on the inner mucosa. Polyps are commonly found in the large intestine. This is a fairly common disease, affecting 15 to 20% of people. The size of polyps is usually less than 1 cm but can reach several centimetres. They grow alone or in groups. Some outwardly look like small bumps, others have a thick or thin leg with a seal in the shape of a mushroom or a bunch of grapes.
Intestinal polyp – oncology? Not yet. Polyps themselves are benign growths that rarely worsen a person’s well-being. But they can transform into malignant, ill-treatable tumours. Therefore, it is recommended to remove polyps when they are detected.

Intestinal polyp, oncology and risk factors

It is still not known precisely why the cells begin to turn into atypical and form tumours suddenly. Analysis of the incidence helped to identify factors that increase the risk of polyp growth:

  • age over 50 years
  • inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis)
  • smoking
  • alcohol consumption
  • excess weight
  • sedentary lifestyle
  • type II diabetes that is difficult to treat
  • heredity is the most significant factor.

The probability of the disease is higher if blood relatives (parents, children, brothers and sisters) were diagnosed with colon polyps. The number of relatives with such a disease also matters. Although sometimes multiple cases of polyposis in the family are not associated with genetic factors.
Polyps rarely signal their presence with symptoms. They are discovered by chance during the examination of the intestines in most patients.
The only practical way to get rid of polyps is their surgical removal. This procedure (polypectomy) is performed in the vast majority of patients during the examination of the colon.
It is very fast and painless. When a polyp is detected, the doctor sends a tool into it, injects a little liquid into the intestinal wall under the polyp so that the borders of the neoplasm are clearly visible. Then a special nozzle-loop captures the polyp, tightens its leg and cuts off the intestinal wall, passing an electric current around the loop. Intestinal polyp, oncology and other pathologies can be prevented by maintaining the body in a healthy state, and colonic hydrotherapy can help.