The earlier a malignant tumour is detected, the better the prognosis. Meanwhile, some types of cancer are diagnosed mainly in the later stages. They give almost no symptoms in the initial stages, and the sick person does not suspect anything.
That is why special laboratory tests have been created that allow identifying tumours in the early stages if the patient does these tests promptly. The stool test for bowel cancer is one of these types of research.
The next test is the determination of PSA level. PSA, a prostate-specific antigen, is produced in the prostate, it is necessary for sperm to be liquid. Typically, it enters the blood in tiny quantities. If tumour cells appear in the prostate gland, the PSA release into the blood increases. A diagnostic study is based on this fact, then the blood from a vein is taken for analysis, and the amount of antigen in it is calculated.
Increased levels of PSA in the blood is not a reason for panic. Both cancer and adenoma (benign prostate cancer), as well as prostatitis, can lead to it. In any case, additional studies are needed to clarify the diagnosis.
The PAP test can detect cervical cancer (CC) in the early stages, as well as a precancerous condition – when the cells had not yet become tumour cells, but they had already begun to mutate.
A stool test for oncology of the intestines or for latent bleeding is necessary for the early detection of colon cancer. It is the second most common cancer after breast cancer in women, and the third after prostate and lung cancer in men.
Malignant intestinal tumours and polyps, which often degenerate into cancer, usually bleed. Many patients decide to go to the doctor precisely because they saw blood in the faeces. However, severe bleeding occurs only in the later stages. It is impossible to detect blood with the naked eye in the early stages, but it is realistic to identify blood in the laboratory during the analysis.
At the age of fewer than 50 years, the analysis is recommended only for those who have had cases of early colon cancer in the family. At the age of more than 50 years – annually. The frequency of analysis is determined by the doctor.
Blood can get into the faeces because of a tumour or a polyp as well as bleeding gums, for example. Therefore, it is recommended to refrain from brushing your teeth on the day before the test and on the day it is carried out (this period increases to three days with a tendency to constipation). It is necessary to abandon the dietary supplements of iron, foods rich in vitamin C, acetylsalicylic acid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for three days.
The stool test for intestinal oncology will allow to start treatment of bowel cancer in time, for the prevention of the same disease and maintaining the body in a healthy state, it is recommended to undergo the procedure of colonic hydrotherapy periodically.