Typically, the intestinal microflora of children is 85-98% composed of bifidobacteria. The exact rate depends on age. Lactobacilli, streptococci, other useful microbes as well as some pathogenic microorganisms live in the intestine. When microflora gets out of balance because harmful bacteria outnumber the good ones, then dysbiosis starts developing.
There are three main reasons for the development of dysbiosis in the children’s gastrointestinal tract:
If the dysbacteriosis usually occurs in older children against the background of a change in diet or taking antibiotics. Then, the state the microflora of the intestines of infants is directly related to the health of the mother. Medicines for children’s intestinal microflora can restore the state of the gut after various violations in the balance of probiotics.
Breast milk contains prebiotics the substances that are a nutrient medium for beneficial bacteria. Besides, mom’s milk contains a lot of immunoglobulin A, supporting the immune system. It also has lysozyme, an enzyme that fights harmful microorganisms, destroying their cells. Thus, nature initially provided for the protection of the baby from harmful bacteria. However, if a mother develops mastitis or an ENT disease, then the shield collapses, and the baby can develop a dysbacteriosis or so-called dysbiosis.
If the bacterial balance in the body is unstable, the paediatrician can recommend special supplements: probiotics and prebiotics. People confuse these two concepts quite often. And the difference between those is as in the composition and the mechanism of action.
Probiotics already contain useful microorganisms that normalise the intestinal microflora, i.e. victory of “good” bacteria over an aggressive form of microbes.
Prebiotics contain only substances for feeding and active reproduction of microorganisms already living in the intestine. There are no bacteria in the prebiotics, which is just a so-called nutrient medium.
It would seem that it can be more straightforward: drink a probiotic, and the microflora should improve. However, this is not entirely true. Useful bacteria have to overcome many dangers on the way to the intestines. For instance, they have to “swim” through the acidic environment of the stomach. They also have to survive the aggressive action of salts of bile acids and digestive enzymes. Only a few survive in the end.
Today there is another group of drugs that help in the recovery of microflora: these are synbiotics. They combine the benefits of probiotics and prebiotics, and they contain both beneficial bacteria in their composition and nutrients for their reproduction. Thus, synbiotics allow more effective control over manifestations of dysbiosis.
Supplements to restore intestinal microflora of the children helps regain health. And, colonic irrigation in our London clinic is a good support for adults improving the microflora balance.