Probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, as well as kefir and yoghurts with probiotics, lactobacilli and live yoghurt cultures that affect the body beneficially.
Probiotics and prebiotics should not be confused: prebiotics includes food for the development of bacteria which is predominantly coarse fibre. Probiotics are existing or specially bred cultures of live bacteria that positively affect the intestinal microflora. The name of probiotics is assigned only to those microorganisms, whose benefits for human health have been proved by researchers and confirmed by various experiments. As a rule, bacterial cultures are meant as probiotics, although other species can be found among microorganisms that have proven their value, for example, yeast culture. But in most cases, probiotics are types of bacteria that live in the intestines.
The gastrointestinal tract is inhabited by a wide variety of bacteria, both pathogenic and those having a beneficial effect on the body. The total number of microbes in the human body is several times the number of cells, and if we estimate the volume of microorganisms, it turns out that the weight of an adult includes symbiotic bacteria, and there are up to 3 kilograms of bacteria in an adult’s body!
Most of the bacteria are in the intestinal cavity. Beneficial microorganisms are involved in the processing of food, isolation and synthesis of vitamins, reduce the risk of reproduction of pathogenic flora and generally help maintain the level of immune protection.
If the pathogenic flora multiplies faster and suppresses beneficial bacteria, this leads to a wide variety of consequences, ranging from stool disorder to ulcerative colitis, depression of the immune system, general deterioration of well-being up to long-term chronic disease states.
Various diseases, an uneven and defective diet, long-term antibiotic therapy can lead to a decrease in the number of beneficial bacteria. This state of imbalance in the bacterial flora is called dysbacteriosis.
Two mechanisms are the basis of the influence of probiotics on the body: first, they help in suppressing the growth of pathogenic microorganisms, and secondly, they partially take on the functions of beneficial bacteria, the lack of which is noted in the imbalance of the intestinal flora. Colonic irrigation, which can be done in our clinic, will help restore the intestinal microflora.