Oncology of the intestines is a dangerous disease that requires serious and sophisticated treatment. Combining cancer of the rectum, sigmoid and colon, as well as carcinoma of the caecum into one statistical unit, physicians point to similar causes and mechanisms for the development of these diseases. Intestinal cancer is in the first place among the malignant tumours of the digestive tract in Europe and the United States in the last decade.
The leading causes of colorectal cancer are:
Each of these factors can lead to the appearance of polyps and, as a result, to the development of bowel oncology.
The symptoms of intestinal cancer depend on the location and stage of a tumour. However, similar symptoms can be observed in other diseases. An important fact is that symptoms often appear only in the advanced stages of cancer.
The most common symptoms are:
However, none of these symptoms is specific only to intestinal oncology. For example, blood in the faeces may appear with haemorrhoids, and diarrhoea may be caused by an intestinal infection.
Patients with suspected intestinal cancer should be urgently examined. During manual examination in the rectum, you can feel the pathological mass, which may indicate rectal cancer, located close to the anus. However, to inspect the segments of the intestine beyond the rectum or to confirm the presence of a tumour in the rectum, imaging diagnostic studies are necessary.
When the diagnosis and stage of cancer are beyond doubt, the consultation of experts at the oncological conference decides on treatment tactics. Apply surgical treatment, irradiation of a tumour (both before and after surgery). Chemotherapy is carried out by internationally accepted standards. The prevention of intestinal oncology is colonic hydrotherapy, which can be performed in our clinic under the supervision of specialists.