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Bowel oncology

Anatori Sealife Comments 0 14th October 2018
Bowel oncology/intestinal cancer

Bowel oncology is a dangerous disease that requires complex and sophisticated treatment. Combining cancer of the rectum, sigmoid and colon, as well as carcinoma of the caecum into one statistical unit, physicians point to similar causes and mechanisms for the development of these diseases.

Intestinal cancer is in the first place among the malignant tumours of the digestive tract in Europe and the United States in the last decade.

Causes

The leading causes of colorectal cancer are:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • excessive consumption of “red meat” (pork, beef, lamb);
  • frequent use of even small doses of alcohol;
  • smoking;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • insufficient content in the diet of fresh vegetables, fruits and cereals, as well as fish and poultry.

These factors can lead to the appearance of polyps and, as a result, to the development of bowel oncology.

Bowel oncology: symptoms, prevention and treatment

The symptoms of intestinal cancer depend on the location and stage of a tumour. However, similar symptoms can indicate other diseases. An important fact is that symptoms often appear only in the advanced stages of cancer.

The most common symptoms are:

  • Blood in faeces;
  • Lots of mucus in faeces;
  • Alternating stools – diarrhoea or constipation;
  • Stomach ache,
  • Weight loss,
  • Weakness, powerlessness.

However, none of these symptoms is specific only to intestinal oncology. For example, blood in the faeces may appear with haemorrhoids, and intestinal infection may cause diarrhoea.


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Examination

Patients with suspected intestinal cancer should have an urgent examination. During manual examination in the rectum, physicians can feel the pathological mass. That may indicate rectal cancer, located close to the anus. However, the doctor may need imaging diagnostic studies to inspect segments of the intestine beyond the rectum or to confirm the presence of a tumour in the rectum.

When the diagnosis and stage of cancer are beyond doubt, the consultation of experts at the oncological conference decides on treatment tactics. Apply surgical treatment, irradiation of a tumour (both before and after surgery). Chemotherapy is carried out by internationally accepted standards. The prevention of bowel oncology is colonic hydrotherapy in our clinic, where supervised specialists perform it.