The inflammatory process of the colon is called ulcerative colitis or colitis of the intestine. Inflammatory bowel disease is the general term for a group of chronic pathologies when a painful process affects the digestive tract.
Colitis of the intestine is a pathology of the colon and rectum. The disease is accompanied by inflammation or degeneration of the internal mucosa due to infectious, ischemic, medicinal damage.
It includes the following illnesses:
For all colitis, the following symptoms are typical: frequent bowel movement, flatulence, diarrhoea (sometimes bloody, with mucus), abdominal pain of varying strength and localisation. Treatment of intestinal colitis begins after an accurate diagnosis.
Symptomatic of ulcerative colitis: a loose stool with blood, imaginary urge, continuous pain in the rectum of different nature – cutting, drawing, burning, as well as sharp urges to defecate. Painful sensations in the abdominal part are less frequent and mostly precede the discharge. With an in-depth inflammatory process, the patient loses weight. He may also be feverish and weak.
Besides, in 75% of cases, ulcerative colitis of the intestine develops gradually. Moreover, people perceive the episodic appearance of blood in the stool as haemorrhoids. Therefore, sick people for a long time do not seek qualified help from a specialist doctor. Meanwhile, the treatment of intestinal colitis will bring promising results if you start it on time. For example, the endoscope examination of the intestine helps in establishing the diagnosis.
Treatment of colitis of the intestine includes a diet, as well as the doctor prescribes medicines and provides psychological assistance to the patient.
The following indicators help to select the tactics of treatment:
Colonic irrigation may help maintain the colon in a healthy state and prevent colitis.