The inflammatory process of the colon is called colitis. Inflammatory bowel disease is the general term for a group of chronic pathologies when a painful process affects the digestive tract.
Colitis of the intestine is a pathology of the colon and rectum. The disease is accompanied by inflammation or degeneration of the internal mucosa due to infectious, ischemic, medicinal damage. It includes the following conditions:
For all colitis, the following symptoms are typical: frequent bowel movement, flatulence, diarrhoea (sometimes bloody, with mucus), abdominal pain of varying strength and localisation. Treatment of intestinal colitis begins after an accurate diagnosis.
Symptomatic of ulcerative colitis: a loose stool with blood, imaginary urge, continuous pain in the rectum of different nature – cutting, drawing, burning, as well as sharp urges to defecate. Painful sensations in the abdominal part are less frequent and mostly precede the discharge. With an in-depth inflammatory process, the patient loses weight, he is feverish and weak.
In 75% of cases, ulcerative colitis of the intestine develops gradually. The episodic appearance of blood in the stool people perceive as haemorrhoids. Therefore, sick people for a long time do not seek qualified help from a specialist doctor. Treatment of intestinal colitis will bring promising results if you start it on time.
The diagnosis is established after endoscope examination of the intestine. As an additional diagnostic tool, an ultrasound examination (ultrasound) is performed.
Treatment of colitis of the intestine includes a diet, as well as the doctor prescribes medicines and provides psychological assistance to the patient. At specific indications, a surgical operation is performed. The tactics of patient treatment are based on the following indicators: the activity of the inflammatory process, the volume of damage to the mucosa of the large intestine, the presence of extraintestinal signs of pathology, the duration of the disease, the results of previous treatment, and the risk of deterioration of the condition.
Colonic irrigation will help maintain the colon in a healthy state.