Obesity is a chronic multifactorial heterogeneous disease, which is characterised by excessive accumulation of adipose tissue in the body (in men at least 20%, in women – 25% of body weight; body mass index (BMI) is more than 25-30). There are various methods of dealing with obesity, showing particular effectiveness.
Today, scientists believe that the primary cause of obesity is an unhealthy diet, followed by lack of physical activity, stress, external factors and heredity.
Insignificant and at first glance “small weaknesses” that a person allows himself, can lead to a significant increase in weight. For example, if you eat one extra cookie daily, the weight gain will be 1.1 kg per year, 1 tablespoon of mayonnaise will cause a weight gain of 4.8 kg per year.
Weight depends on what and how a person eats as well as on how active is his lifestyle physically. As typical, modern people lead mainly a sedentary lifestyle. They ride a vehicle instead of walking; uses the escalator and elevator, even in cases where you can do without those; performs work while sitting; spends a lot of time in front of the TV and at the computer, what contributes to the increase in body weight and the development of obesity.
Worldwide statistic data show that the percentage of people who are obese steadily rises. The Organization for Economic Commonwealth and Country Development (OECD) presented the latest data on the dynamics of the spread of obesity in the world. According to the data obtained, among the inhabitants of the most developed countries every second person is overweight now, and one out of six is obese. Methods to fight obesity can get rid of the problem or even prevent it.
The United States and Mexico top the rankings. Approximately 70% of people are overweight, and more than one-third of the population in these countries are obese.
An important role belongs to physical factors in the complex therapy and prevention of obesity. One of the areas of obesity treatment is to increase the body’s energy expenditure by assigning a variety of physical activities. Physical activities such as: therapeutic physical training, walking, running, swimming, skiing and ice skating, various sports games have a very significant impact on the amount of energy exchange, significantly increase energy expenditure, contribute to the improvement and normalization of metabolism, enhance the breakdown of fat in adipose tissue, improving the functional ability of all organs and systems, improving efficiency. They are recommended for all forms and stages of obesity. Patients should focus on the state of health, choosing the method of implementation, the number and intensity of exercise. Of course, you need to consult a doctor or an instructor in physiotherapy exercises before the start of classes. They can recommend to everyone individually, what types of physical activity and in what volume should be performed, depending on the degree of obesity, the patient’s condition, the functional capabilities of the organism, taking into account age, gender and physical fitness.
Proper nutrition and physical activity are the primary methods of dealing with obesity, and colonic irrigation will help the body to get rid of already accumulated toxins.