Glaucoma is a chronic eye disease causing high intraocular pressure, either periodic, or constant, atrophy of the optic nerve (glaucomatose excavation) and changes in the visual field. Primary, secondary and congenital glaucomas are recognised. Primary glaucoma is preceded by trophic disturbances in the tissues of the forward eye department, especially in its drainage system, caused by changes in the eye vascular system and hemodynamics, as well as general pathological changes.
Candida albicans is a constituent of the microscopic flora of the human organism. In the early 20s candidiasis occurred rather rarely but in the 40s, with the use of antibiotics it became far more frequent and the number of cases has steadily been going up since. Now candidas are the most widespread pathogens of opportunistic mycosis. It may cause mucous and cutaneous lesions and systemic diseases as well. Generally candidiasis has endogenic origin, it results from dysmetabolic disorders and dysfunctions of the immune system. There are over 150 species of mycosis pathogens. Over 90% lesions are caused by C. albicans.
CMV contamination can be observed everywhere however clinical manifestations can rarely be seen. The disease-producing agent is pathogenic to man alone so its cultivation in vitro is only possible in human cell cultures, as no experimental animal is susceptible to the infection.